Our climate system is warming. Burning fossil fuels and land use change are the primary causes of the rapid increase in CO2 levels in the atmosphere since pre-industrial times. There is international scientific consensus that we must stay below 2°C of global warming. If this is not achieved, we risk serious consequences for people, the environment and our economies.
Climate change is the most pressing challenge of our time. It is already occurring across all geographies and the world is largely unprepared. Incremental change is no longer an option. Mitigation must start now as the transition to a low-carbon economy is the only way to secure sustainable economic growth and prosperity for all. This requires the transformation of our energy, industry, agriculture and forestry systems to reverse the rise in greenhouse gas emissions and achieve a net zero emissions society in the second half of the century. Our solutions need to be as big as the challenge itself.